The Radicalization Process as a Complex Phenomenon

1

Forensic Mental Health Hospital

Les Marronniers

, Rue Despars 94,

Tournai 7500, Belgium.

2

Department of Medicine, ULB, Route de Lennik, 808, 1070, Brussels,

Belgium.

3

Department of Medicine, UMons, Place du Parc, 20, 7000, Mons,

Belgium.

4

SPF Justice, Boulevard de Waterloo, 115, 1000, Brussels, Belgium.

Received 27 Jan. 2015; and in revised form 20 Aug. 2015; accepted 22

Aug. 2015.

1588

©

2016 American Academy of Forensic Sciences

J Forensic Sci

, November 2016, Vol. 61, No. 6

doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.13170

Available online at: onlinelibrary.wiley.com

propaganda using information techniques must be present as

well. All of these can be found via the media and on the

Internet.

The use of coercive psychology leads to cognitive modifica-

tions. The availability cascade is a good example of the

potential influence of the media on cognitive functions.

Risk Factors

In the 1970s, the view of terrorism as a clinical disorder was

popular. In the 1980s and the 1990s, this view was often dis-

missed outright but, interestingly, there was insufficient evidence

supporting the dismissal (6). The earlier, more heavy-handed

characterization of terrorists was replaced by the subtler notion

that while terrorists could not really be characterized by a partic-

ular personality type, they often

almost

had certain personality

traits. For example, narcissism and paranoia are the two traits

most commonly associated with terrorists in this particular