The Justice Department of Cuba

In addition to coding data on a group’s dominant ideology, PPT-US also captures secondary
ideologies adhered to by groups. While the dominant ideology variable is mutually exclusive per
group and represents a group’s primary vision, the sub-ideology variables are more granular and
inclusive. For instance, in addition to coding a group as having a religious ideology as its dominant
ideology, the religious sub-ideology variables note whether the group is Buddhist, Christian, Islamic
(Shia/Sunni), Hindu, Jewish or a cult. A religious group may also have secular or issue-specific
beliefs that could be captured under other sub-ideological categories, including Marxist/Leninist,
Maoist, anti-Castro, anti-Communist, fascist, racial supremacist, anti-Semitic, extreme animal
rights/environmentalists, and Black Nationalists.
Figure 6 presents the frequency of sub-ideologies among PPT-US groups. Whereas the most
common dominant ideology was ethnonationalism/separatism, the most common subideology is farleft extremism, adhered to by about 45% of groups with a known ideology (n=56). Interestingly, for
groups with any ethnonational perspective, it is highly likely that this perspective will be their dominant
ideology: Forty of the 42 groups with an ethnonationalist/separatist sub-ideology also have this as
their dominant ideology.
While less than 1 in 10 groups have a religious ideology as their dominant perspective, 20% of
groups (n=26) reflect some religious perspectives in their belief system. Figure 7 reflects which
religions were relevant to these groups, with Christianity (including Catholicism) being the most
frequent religious sub-ideology (n=9), followed by Judaism (n=8).