national consensus on the role of the public sector in development.

Performance Management Framework
A performance management framework for public sector organizations in a developing country
situation needs to take into account aspirations of what the public service is expected to
accomplish, the desired performance situation, the gap between the current and desired situation.
The PMS framework adopted should to address that gap, and aim at securing performance
improvements both at the institutional as well as at the individual level within the overall
national planning development framework.
An effective PMS comprises four main elements: planning, implementation of the plans,
monitoring and evaluation as well as rewards and sanctions.

1. Planning
Ideally, a PMS system should be anchored around a national planning system that gets cascaded
to the entire public sector and maintains links to the non governmental sector (private and civil
society).Good practice would suggest that countries approach planning using the approach
outlined below (See Figure 1).
1.1 National Vision
The national vision is essentially an articulation of a shared desirable future condition or
situation which a nation envisages to attain in the long term and the plausible course of action to
be taken for its achievement. A national vision provides goals which all the citizens direct their
efforts to achieve and instills the courage and determination to rise to challenges at the
individual, community and national levels. It is advisable that the national vision be formulated
through a consultative process with all the stakeholders making contributions