intellectual development

To address the social and academic impacts of marijuana use has n our college students,[Mattew J.Burcherding,st.Cloud university]guided by Austin (1985) theory of involvement, the social aspect of involvement examine the effective psychology domain. The literature demonstrates the impact of marijuana on intellectual development [Goode,1971,Indlekofer,et al;2008;Lynkey&Hall,2002;wadsuorthmoss,simpson&smith,2006]and specifically on one’s ability to recall information, as well as the conception that marijuana linked is immotivational syndrome-a pattern of behaviour linked to apathy and an overall lack of motivation.

The NACADA 2012 countrywide survey among students and school leavers revealed that substance of abuse both licit and illicit were forming a sub-culture among Kenyan youth. Contrary to common assumptions, the survey showed that substance abuse was wide spread with youth being the most hit; surprisingly, across all social groups with the most common abused drugs being alcohol, khat and cannabis.

According to National statistics from the Rapid Situation Assessment of Drugs and substance Abuse in Kenya,[NACADA,2012]11.7% of people aged 15-24 are current users of alcohol,4.7% Khat while 1.5% are users of cannabis. In addition, the median age of initiation to tobacco products is 10% years while minimum being 8 years.

Several number of authors and researchers have shown that there are many contributing factors to drug and substance abuse among the students. Drug abuse is caused by a combination of factors; Environmental, biological and psychological [Agrawal&Dick, 2008; kuppin&carprino, 2006].The most influential include the family, peer association, school performance and social membership. The family especially parents are the child’s basic socializing agents.

Maithiya [2012] and Muchemi[2013] indicate that a child gains his/her first standards of behaviour from the teachings of the parents and other grown up persons around them. They further argue that if the child observes a distinctive between the parents behaviour.Chesang[2013] associates delinquency, for example alcohol and marijuana abuse with inconsistent and abusive parental discipline owing to diverse socialization agents, such as the peer group, teachers, the mass media, the government and the church interaction with various people, the young people are acquiring values that are beyond those of their localized culture. Since the family is less involved in the socialization of the young, very little is communicated to the young people in the way of values and customs of the locality.AS a result, the traditional value system has been eroded leading to drastic moral decay. According to the Sunday Standard Newspaper report by Kibet[June 2014],peers have high degree of influence only when parents have abdicated their traditional supervisory roles.Hence,active and involved parents may be able to limit the influence of peer groups on young people’s attitude towards use of drugs and substance and therefore have a crucial influence on children’s behaviour.