Building-integrated PV modules. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells

Present development of Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV)
At present, BIPV represent a small fraction share of the PV market. This is due to the perception
of the integrations is more costly than the conventional rooftop installations (Biyik, et al., 2017).
In addition, because of the advantageous irradiation values rooftop is currently the preferred area
of installing PV elements. However, the accessible and available roof areas are often constraints
due to installation structures. The concept of incorporate PV elements into the building envelope
forms a symbiotic relationship between architectural design, structure and properties of the
building materials. In principle, the construction technology has merged with the science and PV
technology that is applicable in all parts of the building envelope. In this regard, BIPV is a
multifunctional technology that offers advantages in cost and appearance. The technology and
application has offered beyond electricity generation whereas it has substituted conventional
construction materials. In addition, it also provides comfort to the building such as weather and
noise protection, heat insulation, electromagnetic shielding and modulation of daylight, etc. as
shown in Figure 2.9. BIPV being an innovative constructive solution provides active and passive
benefits in meeting the demands of the building owners in a holistic manner in term of cost,
aesthetic, technical and structural needs. At the same time, taking into account the benefits
associated with building users.